Was the early modern period in Europe a time of increasing secularization? 

Was the early modern period in Europe (from about 1400 to about 1700) a time of increasing secularization? Or did religion remain an influential force in early modern life and thought, literature and politics– an essential ‘lens’ through which they interpreted their experience?


1500-2000 words (double-spaced, 12 point Times New Roman font preferred)

Your answer must consider three of the following events:


New World discoveries


Wars of Religion

Witch Hunts

17th Century Politics

Scientific Revolution

For each event that you discuss, you must support your argument with two pieces of support:

Sources must be cited in footnotes:

Quotations from primary source documents used in class must be identified using the author and title of the document and the page number, if applicable

Information from lecture can be cited using the lecture title and date

Information from the textbook or any other book or website should be cited in the appropriate format (Chicago manual of style is preferred, but any consistent format will be accepted)

Acceptable Primary Sources

Procopius – Justinian Suppresses the Nika Riot

Procopius – De Aedificis

Procopius – Secret History

Life of Muhammad

Rule of St Benedict

Life of St Guthlac

Einhard – Life of Charlemagne

Capitulary for Saxony

Luther – Letter to the Archbishop of Mainz

Luther – Address to the Christian Nobility

Ignatius of Loyola – Spiritual Exercises

De Thou – St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

Montaigne – On Cannibals

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